The functions of the consulates and embassies of Spain


The Consulate is an agency under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that offers assistance to all Spanish residents or passersby in their consular demarcation, which is always outside the borders of Spanish territory.

Among the functions of the Consulate we can highlight:

It has a Civil Registry function, specifically it is responsible for the registration of births, marriages, deaths and guardianships or procedures related to Spanish nationality, among other functions.

It performs notary functions, carrying out acts and notarial powers of all kinds, wills, marriage certificates, document protocolization …

It also performs documentation functions such as the issuance of passports, or pass-through due to expiration, loss, theft or acquisition of nationality and consular procedures such as life, residence certificates, leave, legalization of documents …

The Consulate provides assistance and, where appropriate, financial assistance – initially reimbursable to the Treasury – to Spanish detainees, notifying their relatives of detention, if the detainee so wishes; you are visited periodically, you receive and receive messages, correspondence and other shipments; he is assisted in case of wishing the transfer for the fulfillment of sentence in Spain. It also provides different types of return aid, for emigrants, to charities …

In the case of holding general, regional and European elections, the Consulate:

Process, where appropriate, the voting applications of temporary residents abroad.

Manage the vote by mail within the consular demarcation.

Facilitates the vote in person at the Consular Offices.

Take minutes and send the ballots to the Delegations.

It also has functions in matters of foreigners and visas.

The Consulate provides general information to Spaniards, as well as specific information on the medical, educational and legal services of the country.

The Consulate also informs the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the evolution of the political, economic, cultural and social situation of its demarcation and the image of Spain.


The Embassy is a body in charge of representing Spain abroad permanently and is usually located in the capital of the recipient country. Spain has 117 embassies whose main functions are:

Represent Spain before the receiving State.

Protect in the receiving State the interests of Spain and those of its nationals within the limits allowed by international law. In those States where there are no Consular Offices, or exist in cities other than where the Diplomatic Mission resides, the consular functions will be exercised by it, through its consular section.

Negotiate with the Government of the receiving State.

Be informed of the conditions and the evolution of the events in the receiving State and transfer that information to the Spanish Government.

Promote friendly relations and develop relations with the receiving State in all areas of External Action.

Cooperate with the instances of external representation of the European Union in the identification, defense and promotion of the interests and objectives of its External Action.

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